Nirzalin, Nirzalin and Fakhrurrazi, Fakhrurrazi (2013) FORMALISASI SYARI’AT ISLAM DAN DOMINASI NEGARA TERHADAP ELITE AGAMA ISLAM TRADISIONAL DI ACEH. Forum Ilmu sosial, 6 (1). pp. 91-105. ISSN ISSN 2086-5465 (Cetak) 2337-5426 (Online) Maret 2014.Hal 91-105

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The formalization of Islamic Syari’ah in Aceh during post-conflict period changed this guidances of spirituality to means of resources of power for states elite. In fact, such tendency covers its cultural face which opens space for the widest possible participation of the various elements of the society. But at the same time, the same tendency also provides an opportunity for the ruling elites to dramatize their political interests. The Syari’ah is thus being transformed from cultural and spiritual domain into strategic means for political commoditization. Based on a case study in North Aceh district, this paper wants to demonstrate the complex reality of current commoditization of Syari’ah committed by political elites in Aceh. In fact, the bureaucratization of Syari’ah has closed democratic spaces which enable civil society including local religious elite to counter state’s discourses and policies. Such bureaucratization was manifested in the enactment of several Qanuns which unveil the domination of ruling elites’ interests over society’s interests and aspiration. On the other hand, the bureaucratization of dayah (traditional or salafi pesantren) and the formation of its economic dependence on state’s budgets through what called as “dayah guidance/direction programs” became a powerful means for the state apparatus to co-opt teungku dayah as Islamic local religious elites. Such cooptation has successfully positioned teungku dayah to act as justificatory actor toward various government policies. As the result, the historical role of teungku dayah in Aceh as the main political actor, which able to criticize government policies based on people aspiration, is fading away in the aftermath of conflict in Aceh. It can be seen in the silence of teungku dayah toward so many controversial and dividing issues in Aceh nowadays such as Qanun on Wali Nanggroe as well as on Aceh Flag and Symbol. That fact also showed the political authority of teungku dayah in Aceh falled in crisis. Keywords: Formalization of Islamic Syari’ah, Political Role of Teungku Dayah, Aceh

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Political Sciences > Department of Sociology
Depositing User: Fakhrurrazi S.H.I., M.Si
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2016 06:00
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2016 06:00

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