Energy and Protein Intake Profile of Children with Congenital Heart Disease

Mardiati, mardiati and Sembiring, tiangsa and Ali, Muhammad and Fardian, Nur and Maulina, Meutia (2017) Energy and Protein Intake Profile of Children with Congenital Heart Disease. In: Malikussaleh International Conference on Multidiscliplinary Studies, 26-27 November 2017, Lhokseumawe.

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Inadequate energy and protein would be predominant cause of malnutrition and growth failure in children with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD). Malnutrition in infants and children with CHD caused by multifactorial and imbalance of energy-protein intake and output. The study aimed to determine the profile of energy and protein intake in children with CHD. This researh was a descriptive study with cross sectional survey used consecutive sampling for 40 patients with CHD at H. Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan during May-June 2015. Food intake was calculated based on food consumed during three days, and energy and protein intake were computed by Nutrisurvey software. The result showed that the characteristic of children aged 1–3 years old were 35%, male were 55%, and severely malnourished were 35%. The highest percentage of inadequate energy intake was in 4-6 years old age groups (85.8%), and inadequate protein intake was in 0-6 months age groups (80%). In male groups, the inadequate energy intake were 90% and inadequate protein intake were 68.1%. We identified inadequate energy and protein intake in female groups were 61.1% and 72.2%, respectively. We found 100% inadequate energy intake and 78.5% inadequate protein intake in severely malnourished groups. Inadequate energy and protein intake in CHD commonly found in male and severely malnourished groups.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Depositing User: dr. Mardiati M.Ked (Ped) Sp.A
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2019 23:21
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2019 23:21

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