Analysis Water Balance of Lake Toba as Source an Integrated Water Regional Management (IWRM) North Sumatera

Wesli, Wesli (2017) Analysis Water Balance of Lake Toba as Source an Integrated Water Regional Management (IWRM) North Sumatera. International Journal of Engineering and Technology (Q3), 9 (5). pp. 3945-3953. ISSN P-ISSN 2319-8613, E-ISSN 0975-4024


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Abstract - The needs of raw water in Medan city increases every year in line with the population growth, whereas the quality of hygienic water in the river is insufficient. Therefore, it needs another alternative source to meet the standard quality with low cost. One of the potential sources is Lake Toba. To meet the needs North Sumatera Provincial Government intends to use Lake Toba, but it is feared that the decline of normal water level will disrupt the cruise ship, especially when anchored at the port. The Government plans a water supply system in Integrated Water Regional Management (IWRM) to be used collectively to be efficient in construction and operation. This study aims to determine the water balance of Lake Toba if used as a regional water supply and impact on normal water levels. In this paper, the normal water levels were analyzed by inflow and outflow, not based on elevations above sea level. The method of analysis is water balance analysis done in two parts, analysis of water debit requirement (output) and analysis of water supply (input) in a hydrological analysis. Comparison of the water balance is a consideration for conclusions. The results showed that the required debit was 82.37 m3/ sec (output discharge) while the supply of rainfall as reliable discharge was 121.79 m3/sec. In addition, the supply of rivers around Lake Toba contributed 87.3 m3/sec, resulting in total discharge to 209.09 m3/sec, it can be illustrated that the output discharge is less than the input discharge, so it can be concluded that Lake Toba can be used as a source of raw water and does not affect the normal water level. Keyword – Normal Water Level, Water Balance, Integrated Water Regional Management (IWRM)

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology & Engineering > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Ir. Wesli MT
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2017 06:18
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2017 06:18

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