Lesi Medula Spinalis

Maulina, Meutia and Kalanjati, Viskasari Pintoko (2013) Lesi Medula Spinalis. Majalah Biomorfologi, 26 (1). pp. 1-5. ISSN 0215-8833


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Spinal cord lesion is one of major cause of neurological disability due to trauma and non trauma. Disability can cause damage and loss of function below the level of lesion and also has adverse effects on several body systems. Traumatic spinal cord lesion is the most widely reported incidence compared with non traumatic spinal cord lesion. The most leading cause of traumatic spinal cord lesion is motor vehicle crash in children, whereas in old age, falls become the main cause. The mechanism of injury influences the type of spinal cord lesion and the degree of neurological deficit. Spinal cord lesions can be classified into complete and incomplete based on the presence or absence of a function that is maintained below the level of lesion. Complete spinal cord lesion shows absence of voluntary movement or sensation below the level of the lesion on both sides, whereas incomplete lesion shows the persistence of the variation of some function below the level of lesion. Anatomy of the spinal cord plays an important role in the clinical manifestations. The level of lesion at the different segments of the spinal cord determine different signs and symptoms, caused by destruction of segmental tissue and disconnection of ascending and descending tracts above and below the level of lesion. The level of lesion is helpful in predicting deficits of body functions that may occur, determine the next treatment, and predicting the prognosis of the disease. Incomplete spinal cord lesion tends to have a better prognosis. Death usually occurs in lesion with multiple trauma. The leading cause of death is complications of neurological disability, that are pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, septicemia, and renal failure. Keywords: spinal cord lesion, traumatic, non traumatic, complete, incomplete

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: dr Meutia Maulina, M.Si
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2015 08:22
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2015 08:22
URI: http://repository.unimal.ac.id/id/eprint/115

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